New Delhi. We humans forget very quickly. No matter how big the incident may be, after some time everything becomes normal for us. Whether it is loss of money or life, we easily forget. COVID-19 (COVID-19) Due to which more than 25,000 people died in Delhi in the last 18 months, strict lockdown It was imposed, life came to a standstill, everyone from voters to policy makers were in trouble. However, now gradually everything is back to normal and everything has been forgiven and forgotten. Just now the winds of worry have turned towards pollution.
of Delhi the wind has reached such a dangerous level that are fatal for the elderly and those who have lung or heart disease. If 25,000 people died due to Kovid in the last 18 months, then since 2020, 50,000 deaths have been recorded due to pollution in Delhi. India ranks third in the world in terms of deaths due to polluted air.
Not only people but also money was lost due to pollution
If death does not affect us, then let us look at the economic damage caused by pollution. The study published in The Lancet found that air pollution was responsible for close to 17 lakh deaths in India in 2019. Similarly, a Harvard study shows that 2.5 million people died in 2018 due to pollution from fossil fuels. How much loss we are suffering due to this sudden death of people every year. How much is our health system spending every year in reducing the deaths due to pollution. How much loss is being caused to the production from workers every year due to cough and cold due to pollution.
A rough estimate has been made of the assessment of economic loss due to pollution, which comes out to 4.5 percent of our GDP. Where the loss due to accidental deaths is half and the rest is being spent in health services. The special thing is that these estimates are very low as it does not include the impact on productivity due to air pollution. There are many studies that show that if the level of pollution is widespread, then there is a huge impact on productivity. Greenpeace estimates that in Delhi alone 13 per cent of the state domestic product is going into it, which was about US $ 800 million last year.
Methods of estimating the harm of air pollution
The calculation of the figures we see is based on the loss of human resources. These figures, however, vary depending on the payment method desired. That is, when we measure it on the basis of reducing the level of pollution, then we take into account the maximum payout of any resident. 20 years ago, when Beijing was shut down like Delhi, the cost of human resources versus willingness to pay was estimated at 3 per cent and 6 per cent of Chinese GDP. If Delhi is estimated on this basis, then this figure sits at 1 lakh crore per year.
To compensate for the loss caused by Kovid, the government had announced a package of 20 lakh crores. At the same time, there is more death and economic loss than this in the whole of North India and Delhi. But nothing is said about it.
The danger in front of India is clearer
In the last 8 years, due to the increase in energy consumption, our coal consumption has increased. As a result our city and its people are dying. We should take a few lessons from China, which opened industries to private and global entrepreneurs two decades before us, and exploited energy and private transportation. Beijing became the most polluted city in the world and thousands of people lost their lives every year. However, when the situation became clear in the late nineties, a massive campaign was launched to deal with the menace.
Delhi should take a lesson from Beijing. The capital of the country is a prosperous city and the per capita income is also at the highest level. It is necessary to have great willpower to avoid shortness of breath and fear of death. By the way, all the causes of pollution can be easily dealt with. Farmers in Punjab and Haryana should be paid for stubble removal equipment and for preparing the next crop. Its total cost will not exceed 500 US dollars. We should use better chulhas inside the houses. Clean energy should be provided for the population of slums in Delhi. The cost of which will sit around $100 million. It is a one time investment which can save from loss of 1 lakh crores every year.
Above all these measures, there is one thing.