Chinese Arms Behind African Countries Conflict: The sale of Chinese arms in African countries is affecting the lives of the people there. Reports are claiming that the conflict is increasing due to the sale of Chinese arms in African countries and people are being forced to leave their homes.
According to the Inside Over report, almost all countries, including the sub-Saharan region of Africa, are in the grip of small and major armed conflicts. They are bearing the brunt of massive internal displacement. The sale of light and small arms is believed to be the reason for this. According to the report, the proliferation of weapons can be attributed to poor misgovernance, corruption, weak borders, poverty, deprivation and unemployment.
What are the experts saying?
Experts are of the opinion that unless countries like China change their attitude and do not impose conditions on the sale of arms in African countries, then the illegal proliferation of weapons across the continent cannot be stopped. According to Jane’s Defense Weekly, about 70 percent of armored military vehicles in all 54 African countries are of Chinese origin and about 20 percent of all military vehicles on the continent are supplied by China.
According to a report by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (AIPRI), China is emerging as the fourth global arms supplier and accounted for 4.6% of total global arms exports between 2017 and 2021. African countries accounted for 10 percent of the total global arms exports. Ethiopia, Sudan, Nigeria, Tanzania, Cameroon, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Gabon, Algeria, Namibia, Ghana, Burundi, Kenya and Mozambique have emerged as major importers of Chinese arms over the past five years.
Millions of innocent people are losing their lives in conflicts
Due to such sales of arms, it is estimated that millions of people have been killed in conflicts in Africa since the 90s. According to a study published in 2018 by The Lancet medical journal, 5 million children under the age of five died due to armed conflicts between 1995 and 2015. Of these, about 30 lakh children were of the order of one year or less. Conflict and violence are believed to be factors in eviction of people from their homes.
According to data published by the Norwegian Refugee Council’s Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, conflict or violence displaced 14.4 million people worldwide in 2021, with 11.6 million displaced from the sub-Saharan region, or 80 per cent of the total.
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